HIGHLANDS BALM FOR TREATMENT OF ACNE AND PIMPLES

Highlands balm for the treatment of Acne and Pimples is produced using carefully selected natural ingredients from within our region. This is really important if we bear in mind that for centuries we adapted to use the local plants from which our body can gain most.

COMPOSITION: Highlands balm for treatment of Acne and Pimples contains cold pressed olive oil, plant-based wax and beeswax, lavender and tea tree essential oils and 10 medicinal herbs.

Price: 8.5 EUR

INDICATIONS:

Acne vulgaris – oil (sebaceous) glands clogged up with content (sebum)

Causes of acne vulgaris are:

– inability to excrete sebum from the sebaceous glands due to blocked or narrowed sebaceous gland duct

– excessive production of sebum caused by an increase in androgens, such as testosterone

– overgrowth of Propionibacterium Acnes – bacteria that are normal residents in the skin and below certain numbers don’t cause damage of the skin; once they multiply too much they behave like pathogenic bacteria and cause infection and inflammation.

Acne are commonly considered as changes on the surface of the skin, inflamed (painful, red) and purulent.

Pimples are similar to acne, just smaller in size.

Open comedones are what we call blackheads and they do not show signs of inflammation (pain, redness).

Comedones can be closed and appear like a small ball under the skin. If they are not painful when touched, then they will stay as they are, otherwise, if they are painful, they progress into purulent acne.

Dermatologically all of above mentioned are considered as acne vulgaris.

Only closed comedones do not progress into Propionibacterium acnes infection and afterwards become inflamed.

Tea tree and lavender essential oils have in common the same active principle, 1.8-cineole (eucalyptol, cajeputol). Besides this active principle, lavender essential oil contains active principles linalool and camphor, while tea tree essential oil contains terpinen-4-ol.

All of the above mentioned have antimicrobial effects (antibacterial, antiviral, antifungal), anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory (enhances immune response).

Mechanism of action is based on:

1. antimicrobial (antibacterial) effect – tea tree and lavender essential oils active substances kill Propionibacterium acnes

2. anti-inflammatory effect – reduction of inflammation and its symptoms: redness (rubor), pain (dolor), swelling (tumor), impaired function (functio laesa)

3. immunomodulatory effect – increased immune response against microorganisms that cause skin infections

4. lavender essential oil accelerates epithelisation – growth of epithelium over visible (macro) and invisible (micro) skin damages, so the skin in resurfaced as soon as possible

Immunomodylatory effect of 1.8-cineole is expressed through increased phagocytic activity of monocytes and macrophages, blood cells that have a significant role in immune response. Phagocytosis is one of many ways to fight against the microorganisms and tumour cells.

In addition to antibacterial properties, active principles from essential oils have antiviral and antifungal effects on the skin, which are significant as well.

The effects of active principles of tea tree and lavender essential oils are more pronounced on an applied area, but the same effects, although a bit milder, are expressed in a whole body since these substances penetrate skin and enter blood and lymph vessels.

Absolute contraindication:

Sensitivity (allergic reaction) to any balm ingredients.

Relative contraindications:

Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding should not be using any remedies that contain significant amounts of camphor and 1.8-cineole because there are not many researches that can confirm safe use. Faces and noses of newborns and toddlers should not be exposed to camphor and 1.8-cineole because these substances can cause a reflexive reaction, which can stop breathing as a part of defence against intensive smells.

People with digestive tract (and liver) diseases and epilepsy should not be using remedies that contain significant amounts of camphor and 1.8-cineole.

There are no restrictions in the use of a balm when exposed to sun, but people sensitive to sunlight should first apply balm on a small area of the skin just to make sure that there is no photosensitivity caused by lavender essential oil.

Epileptic seizures can occur in people with epilepsy, damages of gastrointestinal system (and liver) in sensitive people, spasm of respiratory organs in newborns and toddles after exposure to intense smells, as a protective mechanism. Photosensitivity can occur in people sensitive to sunlight if balm is applied to bigger areas of the skin at once.

NOTE:

In addition to camphor and 1.8-cineole, lavender essential oil contains linalool, which calms the nervous system and reduces the frequency of epileptic seizures in people with epilepsy. Although camphor and 1.8-cineole are present in many preparations for inhalation for children and adults, widely available lozenges and chewing gums (mostly due to use of eucalyptus essential oil) it is our duty to inform you about all possible contraindications and side effects.

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